An Introduction To Root Canal Therapy

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An Introduction To Root Canal Therapy

Root canal therapy in West Edmonton is the process through which dentists remove the infected or dead pulp and material from the inside of an infected tooth. The infected material is removed from an area of your tooth called the “root canal system” that contains the nerves and blood vessels that serve your tooth.

Why are root canals necessary?

Cavities, cracks and damage to teeth can allow bacteria present in your mouth to penetrate the interior of your tooth. When bacteria accumulate within a tooth, abscesses develop that can cause pain and swelling that dentists may be able to see on x-rays of the tooth. The longer that an infection is allowed to develop inside the tooth, the more likely it that all of the tissues inside the tooth will die. When that happens, the colour of your tooth may darken and the infection may spread beyond the tooth into your gums and bloodstream.

Your dentist in West Edmonton will recommend that you undergo root canal therapy to remove all of the infected material and sources of infection in your tooth while it is still possible to save your tooth from extraction. As long as they’re performed in time, root canals save infected teeth from unnecessary extractions.

What are the steps of performing a root canal?

The interior of each tooth varies from tooth to teeth even within a single month. The interior of teeth are not identical and don’t even have the same number of canals. A dentist near you will take x-rays before your root canal procedure to help develop a treatment plan that will be unique for every person. Keeping in mind that dentists have to respond to the specific circumstances affecting your teeth and not the teeth of the typical person, every root canal procedure includes the following six basic steps:

  • Your dentist in West Edmonton will freeze the tooth being treated using a local anaesthetic
  • Before proceeding with root canal therapy near you, your dentist will place a rubber dam around the area of the tooth being treated. That dam keeps saliva in your mouth from entering the dentist’s work area and prevents bacteria and infected material released from your treated tooth from getting into the rest of your mouth.
  • Your dentist will make an opening in your tooth to allow access into the root canal system of the infected pulp
  • Using very precise and tiny instruments, your dentist will remove the infected pulp from the inside of your tooth and will clean out the root canal system
  • Once all infected material has been removed and the inside of your tooth has been cleaned out, your dentist will seal the tooth with a temporary filling
  • Once you have recovered fully from the root canal procedure, your dentist will fit you with the permanent crown to protect the tooth from reinfection and to replace any structural strength lost due to surgery

General and family dentists perform root canals, but may also refer patients to an endodontist or, in the cases of children, a pediatric dentist for the procedure. An endodontist is a dentist that specializes in the treatment of dental pulp and nerves in your teeth. Pediatric dentists likewise receive all of the same training as a general or family dentist, plus an additional two years of university education in the anatomy and treatment of children’s unique dental needs.

Root canal procedures have a reputation as being complex and painful, but that reputation is out of date and inaccurate. In truth, advances in dental procedures, techniques, instruments and drugs mean that root canal procedures are painless. Better than that, they remove and eliminate pain associated with serious tooth infections.

A dentist’s recommendation to undergo a root canal understandably prompts some anxiety, but take the time to ask your dentist all your questions to allow them and their staff to address all your concerns. Their goal is simple — to restore your health as quickly and comfortably as possible.